This past month I had the great pleasure of participating in a seminar coordinated by Go Green Wilmette called Grow Your Own Food*. My role was to present the nutritional benefits of fresh/local/organic produce, but what I learned is that the benefits of fresh/local/organic produce go way beyond the borders of nutritional science.
A few points in Alison Brown’s introductory speech, which highlighted the environmental significance of growing your own food, really resonated with me:
-The average meal travels 2,000 miles in trains, boats, and planes. Buying produce from South America, and even Mexico, California, and Florida for that matter, contributes to our addiction to oil. (Hearing this conjured memories of a recent book I read called The Omnivore’s Dilemma by Michael Pollan. I quote, “A one-pound box of prewashed lettuce contains 80 calories of food energy… growing, chilling, washing, packaging, and transporting that box of organic salad to a plate on the East Coast takes more than 4,600 calories of fossil fuel energy, or 57 calories of fossil fuel energy for every calorie of food.”
-We have the ability to affect the food chain, and the answer lies right in our backyards. When push came to shove during WWII and produce was rationed, “Victory Gardens” were planted coast-to-coast—an estimated 20 million of them. By the war’s end, Victory Gardens were turning out 40 percent of the nation’s produce output, and big farms were freed up to supply the troops.
Check out this editorial from today’s Sunday Tribune urging President Obama to set a positive example by (re) planting a Victory Garden at the White House. (thank you to Colleen Scopacasa for alerting me to this article this morning!)
The statistics describing the success and productivity of Victory Gardens offer a great deal of hope and possibility for us today as our nation struggles with its dependency on oil. What we feed ourselves comes from the planet, and how we treat the planet affects how we can feed ourselves. It is one big circle. This month’s Healthy Kids Ideas Exchange is dedicated to family gardening.
In the process of preparing for the Grow Your Own Food seminar, I had the great pleasure of meeting Elizabeth Matlin of Wilmette, a very successful and self taught community gardener. She has a Bachelor’s of Science in Home Economics/ Food and Nutrition and is the owner of Taste Buds Culinary Services in Wilmette, IL, a food consulting firm. In her work with clients, Elizabeth engages in recipe writing and editing, recipe development and testing, and copywriting. So yes, Elizabeth is also a real “foodie” and knows a good tomato when she tastes one! We are all in for a real treat in this month’s Healthy Kids Ideas Exchange newsletter, as Elizabeth has agreed to share some of her wisdom with us. What I enjoy most about Elizabeth’s article is how much FUN she has when she is gardening. Her enthusiasm grips me and makes me want to run outside and start digging and sowing! So read on below, and be inspired… Thank you Elizabeth!
“The first gathering of the garden in May of salads, radishes and herbs made me feel like a mother about her baby—how could anything so beautiful be mine.” – Alice B. Toklas
ONE VEGETABLE GARDENER’S STORY by Elizabeth Matlin
Have you ever plucked a ripe tomato from a vine that you nurtured for three months? Or tugged a plump rosy radish from the earth where you had planted a small seed? If so, you know the rewards of growing your own vegetables. Whenever I step into my vegetable garden, I feel happy—the kind of happiness children experience in simple, everyday things. It is my playground where I am in the present moment. Past and future disappear, and I am both energized and at peace. Vegetable gardening is not one more item on my “to-do” list. I don’t have to do it—there are plenty of sources nearby for fresh organic vegetables. Rather, I choose to grow vegetables for a variety of reasons that I will share with you here, along with some tips and resources for starting your own garden. Perhaps you will be inspired to plant a small garden playground with your family this spring!
The path to my vegetable garden has been a full-circle journey. I am an amateur, self-taught gardener who learned to love digging in the dirt at a young age. In my earliest gardening memory, I am about five years old and planting corn seeds with my mom and three sisters in two small circles of soil in our Skokie backyard. These were no ordinary corn seeds—they were popcorn seeds! I don’t think we ever harvested any popcorn, but planting seeds and watching them grow was magical. Fast forward about seven years. It’s the early 1970’s and Skokie has started a community garden. My mom and aunt each acquire a plot and my sisters and I (now pre-teens) spend many hours that summer hoeing, planting, weeding and watering vegetables. While there was some griping about the work, we gobbled the harvest of fresh-picked lettuce, tomatoes, peppers and green onions. And the shared talking, laughing and physical labor strengthened our family bonds.
As the years went by, we abandoned the community plot and asked my dad to dig up some of the lawn to make bigger garden beds in our modest-sized backyard. Through my high school and college years, the lawn kept shrinking as we planted more vegetables, herbs and flowers. Every Memorial Day weekend, we headed to our favorite nurseries to buy plants and seeds, and then spent the holiday happily outside in the spring air. The herb garden was my domain. I loved to cook, so snipping my homegrown fresh herbs was a treat. Since then, I’ve always managed to have an herb garden, expanding my repertoire to include lemon verbena, cilantro, borage, chervil and salad burnet.
When my husband and I moved to Wilmette a decade ago, I had no idea the village had a community garden located, ironically, not far from the former site of my great grandparents’ nineteenth century farm at Hibbard and Glenview Roads. When a neighbor told me about the gardens at Centennial Park, I was eager to re-create my childhood experience of growing vegetables at a community plot. My own yard had only one partly sunny spot where I could grow herbs and some greens but not much else. I was assigned a plot in 2003 and shared the 200-square-foot space with two neighbors. The next year, one neighbor bailed out, and by 2005 I was gardening solo.
I had moderate success, even though I was not spending much time at the garden. Unbeknownst to me, however, I was experiencing a gradual internal shift. Observing and interacting with my fellow gardeners was an accidental education. Why were Joseph’s exotic Chinese greens so lush? How did Jenny’s garden stay virtually weed free? (Jenny turns 92 this year and is my heroine.) What variety of peas was Joe growing, and could I also grow peas? Seemingly overnight, I wanted to expand my gardening knowledge and make my mediocre plot more productive and versatile. I started reading books and the gardening section in the newspaper faithfully—and continued to tap into the knowledge of other gardeners. Over the last three years, I’ve learned how to amend the soil; the importance of compost, mulch, raised beds, wide rows and bunny fences; companion planting; crop rotation; organic pest and blight controls; what seeds could be sown directly outdoors; how to water properly. I know I’ve still barely scratched the surface of what there is to learn and grow. I’ve also come to appreciate variables you can’t control, such as weather, insects, and animal pests. They ensure that no two gardening seasons are ever the same—how exciting is that! This year the challenge will be voles—burrowing rodents that appeared last summer and eat plant roots.
It is said that a journey of a thousand miles began with a single step and this philosophy surely applies to creating a successful garden. No two gardeners will have the same journey, for it is a personal and unique experience. And it is a journey best started with a small single step. Here are a few pointers for first-time gardeners:
Start Small: There’s a fair amount of time and muscle that goes into planting, maintaining and harvesting a garden. As with most lifestyle changes, it’s essential to start small and gradually incorporate gardening as a new activity into your schedule. If your garden is too large to easily maintain, it may become a disappointing burden rather than a positive adventure. Expand your garden space gradually each year.
Make a Plan: Keeping a simple record of what you plant from year to year is a useful tool as your garden evolves. In a journal or on a computer, draw a basic outline of your garden space and fill in areas with the names of the vegetables you plant. You might also include:
a) specific varieties (such as atomic red carrots or springer spinach)
b) the planting and harvesting dates
c) notes/comments on likes/dislikes, results, etc.
I now plant a spring and summer garden and create separate plans for each season. These plans will also help with companion planting and crop rotation.
Share the Experience: Ask the whole family to participate. Let your children select some of the seeds and plants. Young children can help plant seeds, pull weeds, water and harvest small items like cherry tomatoes and strawberries. Older children can each be assigned a small section to plant and maintain, even cooking their harvest for all to enjoy.
WHY I GROW MY OWN VEGETABLES
Nutrition Just-picked freshness and heirloom varieties contain optimum amounts of beneficial nutrients, antioxidants and phytochemicals.
Flavor Nothing compares to the incredible flavor of fresh vegetables eaten within hours—or minutes—of harvesting. Only the simplest preparation methods are needed.
Variety I’ve yet to find a gourmet or farmer’s market that offers all the unique varieties of organic crops I grow, such as: purple haze and atomic red carrots; purple plum and French breakfast radishes; orange chiffon Swiss chard; tiny alpine strawberries; French purple heirloom beans; candy-cane-striped chioggia beets; rosso di sulmona garlic—you get the picture!
Fulfillment A sense of satisfaction and accomplishment in creating and enjoying one of life’s basic necessities.
Exercise I call it garden yoga. You work muscles in ways only gardening can provide. Balance, strength and flexibility are enhanced.
Mental Health Connecting to nature and the Earth is a basic human need that most of us are not exposed to often enough. Gardening provides more than fresh air and sunshine. It reminds us how we are linked to nature and provides stress-busting therapy. It is a form of meditation.
Community Interacting with other passionate gardeners and sharing my garden and harvest with friends and family enriches my life.
WHAT I GROW
For now, I prefer to sow seeds directly outdoors rather than starting seedlings indoors. Garden centers are stocking more heirloom varieties every year, so I purchase plants for the vegetables I don’t grow from seed. Here’s a rundown of what I usually plant:
Vegetables greens (lettuce, arugula, Swiss chard, spinach); carrots; radishes; broccoli raab; baby pak choi; beets; beans; peas (sugar snap and snow).
Annual Herbs cilantro; chervil; borage.
Flowers nasturtiums (these edible flowers also attract beneficial insects to the garden while repelling destructive ones).
Vegetables tomatoes; zucchini; eggplant.
Annual Herbs basil; rosemary; thyme; lemon verbena; salad burnet; flat-leaf parsley; marjoram; dill.
I plant onion sets (available only in the spring) for green onions; garlic (from cloves) and shallots (from bulbs) in the fall for mid-summer harvesting. You cannot use store-bought garlic or shallots for planting; they must be from a seed supplier.
Fruit I have a small patch of strawberries at the community plot; children love picking and eating these.
Herbs sage; tarragon; chives; oregano; mint (I plant my mint in terra cotta pots and in the late fall, remove it from the pots and plant it in the ground for the winter; mint is very invasive and will take over your garden if not contained in a pot.). If you allow cilantro, chervil and dill to go to seed, they will self-sow and reappear in the spring similar to perennials.
BASIC NEEDS FOR A VEGETABLE GARDEN LOCATION
Sun: Vegetables and herbs need lots of sun—at least 6 hours per day for best results. That said, I have successfully grown herbs, small fruit tomatoes (such as plum, grape or cherry) and greens (spinach, arugula and lettuce) on the east side of my home, which receives only 4 hours of full sun per day (10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m.).
Soil: Ideally, the best soil is somewhat crumbly and loose with good drainage. Be sure to have your backyard soil tested for possible contaminants that would not be healthy to ingest, such as lead and arsenic. If you have an older home that used lead paint or are planting near a deck or fence with treated wood, the soil for your garden bed may need to be replaced. Soil testing kits are available at garden centers, though not all of them test for contaminants—some only check soil pH levels. Soil samples may also be sent to labs for testing. For more information, check out this website: http://www.civil.northwestern.edu/EHE/HTML_KAG/Kimweb/MEOP/soiltestcom.html
VEGETABLE PLANTING CHART
For convenience in planting at my community plot, I created a chart with an alphabetical listing of all the vegetables I plant that summarizes information on sowing, harvesting, fertilizing, rotation, positive/negative companions, etc. I also use this chart when planning my garden layout each season. Here’s a link to a sample page. Create your own chart with the vegetables you want to plant and with the information important for you to have at your fingertips.
The Wilmette Park District provides fifty-five 20’ x 10’ garden plots at the Centennial Park Community Gardens located adjacent to the Centennial Park Pool. Annual Fee for 2009: $32.00 for Wilmette residents or $52.00 for non-residents Plots are renewed or assigned annually in March and April. For more information and to request a plot, contact Barbara Batchelor in the Parks and Planning Department: 847-256-9638.
My favorite books that I highly recommend for beginning vegetable gardeners*:
The Vegetable Gardener’s Bible by Edward C. Smith (This book contains the info I used to compile my Vegetable Planting Chart.)
Incredible Vegetables from Self-Watering Containers by Edward C. Smith
The Truth About Organic Gardening by Jeff Gillman
The Truth About Garden Remedies by Jeff Gillman
Gardener’s Supply Company’s website (catalog/on-line company: www.gardeners.com ) has archived articles on many garden topics written by expert gardeners and a monthly gardening e-newsletter.
Seed Sources & Garden Centers
Following is a list of seed catalogs and garden centers I have used and can personally recommend. There are many more sources available than listed here.
Meinke Garden Center: 5803 W. Touhy Ave, Niles 847-647-9455 (extensive selection of herb and vegetable plants, including heirloom tomato varieties, all at reasonable prices)
Chalet Nursery: 3132 Lake Ave., Wilmette 847-256-0561
John Scheepers Kitchen Garden Seeds: www.kitchengardenseeds.com 860-567-6086
The Cook’s Garden: www.cooksgarden.com 800-457-9703
Territorial Seed Company: www.territorialseed.com 800-626-0866
Seeds from Italy: www.growitalian.com 781-721-5904
Pinetree Garden Seeds: www.superseeds.com 207-926-3400
Johnny’s Selected Seeds: www.johnnyseeds.com 877-564-6697
Seeds of Change: www.seedsofchange.com 888-762-7333
Would photos of lovely vegetable gardens inspire you? Check out the new website by The Organic Gardener and check out the Garden Gallery. Wow! http://www.theorganicgardener.net
Disclaimer: This column is for information only, and no part of its contents should be construed as medical advice, diagnosis, recommendation or endorsement by the author. You should always ask your physician for his or her recommendation before starting any new health-related activity.